Passenger Name Record
From Freiheit statt Angst!
General information and background
What is PNR? - 5-minutes-information
Passenger Name Records (so-called PNR-data) will be collected by airlines and stored en masse, in order to increase the "service" for passengers and for promotional or marketing purposes.
Due to great pressure from the United States, the European Union decided in 2007 the transfer of passenger data to the United States of America. And to Canada and Australia, these data are reported. The terms of this agreement are currently being renegotiated (USA-PNR).
U.S. government is forcing european airlines to transmit the data to the Department of Homeland Security. Even in cases in which U.S. soil is never entered.
The justification for the event-free storage of the data of all passengers is - as always - the fight against terrorism.
In addition, the European Commissioner inner Malmström on 02/02/2011 Proposal for a further, additional EU Directive introduced the, after a Europe-wide system for recording and storing the data of all passenger flights in Europe is to be created for the (EU-PNR).
On the effectiveness of this measure, there is no reasonable investigation. In addition, we see great concerns about any treatment and storage of these data, and the great danger of drastic consequences for innocent people.
A concomitant restriction of freedom of travel damages the free development of individuals and their society.
The right to freedom of movement
The existing and planned new PNR measures restrict the free movement of people. That fundamental right has been laid down in article 45 of EU-Charta of fundamental rights.
Just as today some people do not travel more in the U.S. because they are not the U.S. authorities of their data and their fingerprints to entrust so could result in a wide-ranging collection of data on all passengers like restrictions on the freedom of travel.
Mistakes, incorrect data bases, "Precautions" and the oppressive feeling of being in all his travels and movements, including recorded and monitored independently suspected harmful to the people, narrows our freedom and prevent international exchange and important meetings across all boundaries.
We see this as a threat to a free, innovative and lively development of our society and the limitation of the international exchange of thoughts and ideas as well as cross-border projects.
- An airline passenger data collection is an unacceptable data retention, the retention of a generalized data on all passengers out, without any concrete suspicion against the people there.
- The benefit of the entire operation is highly doubtful. In any case, there was as yet no evidence and no investigation as to whether and what meaning to combat these crimes can measure. An objective and independent investigation, however, and the evaluation of those results must be the basis for such a far-reaching limitation of fundamental rights.
- There can be many questionable conclusions about the private life (religion, sexuality, lifestyle habits) for the control of state authorities withdraw.
- The data can, for doubtful and error-prone profiling can be used. An accompanying dragnet investigation should be used only in individual cases, following decision by the german Federal Constitutional Court.
- The private data is collected by private airlines, the accuracy of the data is therefore can not to be verified. Threaten misjudgments and assessments, drastic consequences are possible.
- The privacy standards in the U.S. and other third countries are far below those of the EU. There is no fundamental right to informational self-determination there do not make requests for information to be difficult or impossible (concerning US PNR).
- The definition of the crime, the defense or prosecution investigator to the passenger data to be able to access, is the rather broad terms to the EU arrest warrant attached the. Including not only crimes of organized crime, child pornography or manslaughter fall as well as computer crime, fraud and counterfeiting and piracy. It was originally intended to go but only to combat terrorism (concerning EU-PNR).
- A necessary adequate fencing for the processing of the data has been passed is not yet apparent.
- While it is expected to dispense with the so-called "pull method" in favor of "push" techniques, that is, the data is transmitted only upon request. However, there is concern that a disproportionate amount in legal use is made of this (concerning EU-PNR).
- 9-10 June 2011: JHA Council (Luxembourg) on EU-Australia-Agreement
- 14 June 2011: Panel at CFP (Washington DC)
- 16 June 2011: LIBE Committee: Debate on EU-Australia-Agreement (Brussels)
- 22/23 June 2011: EP Plenary
- Mid-June 2011: Opinion by Fundamental Rights Agency
- August 2011: BXL Shut down / Holiday & Travel season
- 22 September 2011: informal JHA Council, likely adoption of EU-Australia-Agreement
- October / November 2011: EP vote on EU-Australia-Agreement
- 13 December 2011: JHA Council, likely adoption of EU-US PNR agreement
- 12 January 2012: Presentation of the EP draft report on EU-PNR in the LIBE Committee
- 25 January 2012: Proposal for new Data Protection Directive » Safe Harbor etc.
Actions / action ideas
- Anti-PNR Campaign by Open Rights Group, UK
- Work-and-Lobby-Weekend in Brussels, 28-30 June 2011
- Summer time is travel season. Distribute leaflets and start actions at airports and travel agencies! Make sure you have media coverage.
- Write PNR Postcards to MEPs
For discussion and coordination there ist a PNR-Mailinglist. It is open for everyone, who is interested in this topic.
- Translate the "How to request your PNR data from the U.S. DHS and travel companies" into German and other languages; request templates need to be modified for each country to cite national laws)
- List of Judgements related to PNR, Data Retention, Profiling
- Create a Glossary with terms, eg. Profiling, Advanced Passenger Information (API)
- List of Members of the European Parliament (MEP) by Name
- List of MEPs by Country
- List of MEPs by Group
- Who-is-Who directory of the European Union
- European Parliament Legislative Observatory: Fight against terrorism and serious crime: use of passenger name record data
- Statewatch Observatory: EU surveillance of passengers (EU-PNR, 2003-2008) - revisited 2011
- Statewatch Observatory: EU PNR Directive (Passenger Name Record) (2011)
- Statewatch Observatory: EU-US PNR Agreement
- NoPNR: Documents of Commission, Council and NGOs
- European Union Delegation to the USA - Passenger Name Records
- EPIC: EU-US Airline Passenger Data Disclosure
Proposal of a PNR-Directive
- [2011-02-02] EC COM(2011) 32 final - Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the use of Passenger Name Record data for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime
- [2011-02-02] EC SEC(2011) 132 final - Impact Assessment Accompanying document to the Proposal on PNR, Summary
- [2011-02-10] CoE 6359/11 - UK-Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the use of Passenger Name Record data for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime
- [2011-03-28] CoE 8016/11 - Note on the possible inclusion of intra-EU flights
- [2011-04-13] CoE 8954/11 - The Senate of Romania - Opinion on the application of the Principles of Subsidiarity and Proportionality
- [2011-04-13] CoE 8976/11 - The National Council of the Republic of Austria - Opinion on the application of the Principles of Subsidiarity and Proportionality
- [2011-04-15] CoE 9103/11 - Outcome of Proceedings to the possible inclusion of intra-EU flights
- [2011-04-29] CoE 8458/11 - Proposal for a Directive of the Council and the European Parliament on the use of Passenger Name Record data for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime
- [2011-06-14] CoE 11392/11 - Outcome of Proceedings to the Commission proposal for a Directive on the use of Passenger Name Records (PNR) data
EU-Australia PNR Agreement
- [2011-05-19] EC COM(2011) 280 final - Proposal for a Council Decision on the signature of the Agreement between the European Union and Australia on the processing and transfer of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data by air carriers to the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service
EU-US PNR Agreement
- [2011-05-20] CoE 10453/11 - Draft Agreement between the United States of America and the European Union on the use and transfer of Passenger Name Record data to the United States Department of Homeland Security
- [2010-05-05] European Parliament resolution of 5 May 2010 on the launch of negotiations for Passenger Name Record (PNR) agreements with the United States, Australia and Canada
- [2010-11-11] European Parliament resolution of 11 November 2010 on the global approach to transfers of passenger name record (PNR) data to third countries, and on the recommendations from the Commission to the Council to authorise the opening of negotiations between the European Union and Australia, Canada and the United States
- [2011-01-19] Article 29 Working Party Letter to EC on EU PNR agreements with the US, Canada and Australia – new negotiations
- [2011-03-25] CoE 8118/11 German Position on Proposal for a Directive on PNR
- [2011-03-25] European Data Protection Supervisor on the Proposal for a Directive on PNR
- [2011-04-05] Article 29 Data Protection Working Party 00664/11/EN - Opinion on the proposal for a Directive on PNR
- [2011-04-12] CoE 8850/11 - Council Legal Service report on the Proposal for a Directive on PNR (German version)
- [2011-06-14] EU Fudamental Rights Agency (FRA) on the Proposal for a Directive on the use of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data
- [2011-03] Statewatch - Hynes, M. (2011): Proposal for a Directive on the use of Passenger Name Record data for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime
- [2011-03-21] Centrum für Europäische Politik (CEP) - Schwenke, M./Langner, B. (2011): Statement on PNR.
- [2011-05-27] Hasbrouck, E. (2011): Analysis of the draft US-EU agreement on PNR for the Identity Project / PapersPlease.org.
- [2011-06-13] Amberhawk - Pounder, C.N.M. (2011): A data protection critique of the proposed Passenger Name Record Directive
- [2011-06-17] CEPS - Brouwer, E. (2011): Ignoring Dissent and Legality: The EU’s proposal to share the personal information of all passengers
- Brouwe, E. (2009) The EU Passenger Name Record (PNR) System and Human Rights: Transferring Passenger Data or Passenger Freedom?
- Bennett, C.J. (2005): What happens when you book an airline ticket? The collection and processing of passenger data post-9/11. In: Zureik, E./Salter M.B. (eds): Global Surveillance and Policing. Portland: Wilan.
- de Hert, P./Bellanova, R. (2011): Transatlantic Cooperation on Traveler's Date Processing - From Sorting Countries to Sorting Individuals.
- What's in a PNR? by Edward Hasbrouck
- FAQ about PNR data transfers to the USA (PDF, English)
- FAQ about PNR data transfers to the USA (.odt source, English)
- [2009-01-10] Hasbrouck, E.: How to request your PNR data from the U.S. DHS and travel companies
- [2011-04-08] Hasbrouck, E.: Testimony at EP hearing on PNR
Organizations and Websites for additional information
- NoPNR! by Alexander Sander
- Papers, please! by Edward Hasbrouck
- European Digital Rights (EDRi) on Airline Passenger Data
- Pippi Longstrings - the ultimate tool for tracking and reading law an policy proposals
- Research-Toolbox on Lobbying from Corporate Europe Observatory
- Tratten - project dedicated to follow the legislative work of the European Parliament
- How-To for a decentralized Public-Phone-Call-Campaign called Callshop Meeting
- German PNR-Flyer (March 2011) and its Open Document-Sourcecode
- English PNR-Flyer
- French PNR-Flyer
- FAQ about PNR data transfers to the USA (PDF, English) and its .odt source code
To be used under creative commons license cc-by 2.0 or as it's said at the file's description:
- Small Guide for "Privacy-Travellers" to Brussels (German)
- EU-Lobbying on Data Retention (English)
- How-To EU-Lobby (German)
- CoE = Council of the European Union
- CRS = Computer reservations system
- DG = Directorate Generale, e.g. Home Affairs
- DHS = US Department of Homeland Security
- EC = European Commission
- ECHR = European Court of Human Rights
- ECJ = European Court of Justice
- EP = European Parliament
- MEP = Member of European Parliament
- PNR = Passenger Name Record